Amnesty International released its 2020-2021 report on April 7, stating that security forces had been using excessive force to detain peaceful protesters and human rights activists in Nepal.
The report mentions that Nepal's government has tried to make arrangements to take confidential information of a person without judicial permission through the 'Nepal Special Services Bill'. The Nepal Special Services Bill is under consideration in the lower house after it was approved by the upper house of parliament last June.
The report also mentions that the Ministry of Information and Communication has drafted a bill on telecommunications without adequate legal protection, which would give officials broad powers to monitor, collect and record information on individuals and organizations. It has been mentioned that the freedom of expression of the citizens will decrease if the technology bill is not amended.
Dozens of people, including journalists, were arrested for spreading false information or criticizing the government over the Covid-19 epidemic, and more than 30 websites have been shut down, the report said. The report also states that the ruling party continues to appoint those involved in conflict-era crimes to powerful positions without a full and independent investigation.
The government failed to protect the rights of millions of Nepali migrant workers stranded abroad after the lockdown was imposed due to COVID-19. The report also states that the government has failed to ensure the protection of migrant workers and the free repatriation process through the Foreign Employment Welfare Fund. The report also includes the incident of rape of an immigrant woman in the quarantine of Kailali district in June.
In July, Chitwan National Park officials set fire to two houses and destroyed eight other houses using elephants without prior notice, forcibly evicting 10 Chepang families and forcibly evicting unofficial residents across the country. It is mentioned that more than 2,100 incidents of rape and sexual violence have been reported to the Nepal Police and the victims are children and Dalits.
It is mentioned that more than 2,100 incidents of rape and sexual violence have been reported to the Nepal Police and the victims are children and Dalits. However, the government introduced two ordinances in September aimed at ending acid attacks on women and children. The Criminal Code, issued in 2017, criminalizes torture and other abuses, but by the end of 2020, no one has been convicted under the law.